What are the characteristics of visitor-centered therapy or human-centered therapy?
To promote the growth of patients, the basic assumption is that if a patient develops to its full potential, it will be able to find a solution to its problem without the help of others.
⑵ Patients and therapists are equal “roles”. The therapist promotes the patient’s inherent growth trends, and both parties benefit from this relationship.
(3) The doctor-patient relationship is the driving force for growth. The doctor-patient relationship in human-based therapy does not focus on the patient’s childhood experience, but if it is related to the current problem, you should understand the current contradictions of childhood and the possible impact on the environmentWhat kind of response.
Through the therapeutic doctor-patient relationship, patients are encouraged to actively accept themselves, provide positive and effective experiences, and promote their growth and self-realization.
重点 The focus of treatment is the direct experience during the talks, and little consideration is given to the past, because what has happened in the past can no longer be changed, nor does it consider the future to be as important as the present, and does not advocate making plans for future problems.
Assuming that most patients are no different from “normal” people, the patients’ behavior is consistent with their perception of the world.
Doctors try to understand their problems in the way they see the world.
(22) Visitor-centered therapy is the applicable population of human-centered therapy?
Visitor-centered therapy is mainly applicable to ordinary psychological counseling for normal people in the country (such as psychological counseling for college students and middle school students), that is, those who have no psychological or mental disorders. If there are obvious psychological or behavior problems, they should be included in medical psychologyCounseling or professional psychotherapy (such as behavior, cognitive therapy, etc.).